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German Shepherd Training Information

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HEIGHT:60 cm
WEIGHT:50 kg
LIFE EXPECTANCY: 13 -15 years
CHARACTERISTICS of a German Shepherd
The German shepherd carries out diverse tasks from police dogs to shepherd dogs to blind guides, guard dogs, company dog and drug & explosive detector.
It's recommended not to choose puppies with too much inbreeding since they can be less reliable.
The German shepherd is slightly elongated, strong and with good muscular mass. Its bones are strong and its complexion is firm. The relation of height and length and its angles are so exactly proportionate, that allow them to cover a lot of ground and have a lot of resistance. Its coat helps with harsh weather.
This is a very intelligent dog, which will not only demand care but will even try to lead the situation. It must be taught in a strict manner who is who.
Must show courage and firmness, when it comes to defending its master, or its own property. It must also attach with will when the guide orders it to.
It behaves like part of the family, always alert, obedient & kind, faithful to the one that it has been entrusted, especially with children and animals.
Among its virtues standout its excellent temperament, physical sturdiness and psychic, its great faithfulness & courage, excellent senses (hear & smell) and excellent intellect.
DESCRIPTION of the German Shepherd
Strong head, with well marked outline, characterized by its nobility. Its body must be well proportioned without it being bulky. The skull should be moderately wide between the ears. Seen from the front the head is slightly squared without a middle fold or only slight marked. Seen from the side the forehead goes narrowing until it joins the snout, where it forms an oblique not very marked stop.
In shape of a wedge, elongated and strong, its upper line is practically straight and parallel to an imaginary line from the forehead. Seen from the front, it has a good base, well developed nostrils and always moist.
Well developed cheeks, firm strong and well attached lips; covering the mouth.
They must be moderately pointy, well placed, wide at the base, open upfront, and carried up when the dog is alert. Well carried and balanced with the head, contributing to the animal's appearance and expression. Dogs with "dead" ears should avoid being mated.
Medium size, almond shaped, obliquely placed and never jutting out. Their color should be the darkest possible. Their expression should be lively, intelligent & serene.
They have a total of 42 teeth (20 upper teeth and 22 lower teeth), with very developed teeth, very white and perfectly placed. With the mouth closed the lower part of the upper incisors should touch with the outer part of the lower incisors (scissor like bite). It isn't convenient for the upper incisors to collide with the lower ones (tong bite). The absence on any tooth is a defect. Faded, worn or broken teeth, will be sanctioned according to their degree.
Must be strong, muscular, well shaped, having an harmonious connection between the head and trunk. Completely free of fold or a double chin. When the animal is alert, the head and neck must be raised. In movement the ideal posture is with its head forwards with a perfect prolongation of the torso, cross & and never higher or lower.
Must be strong, well developed and built; placed higher than the back, lowering itself slightly towards it. The shoulder blades and spine should be well fit.
Perfectly straight and horizontal, strongly developed, without being square or convex, relatively short.
When seen from above, it's wide and strong, joining the back subtly, seen from the side there shouldn't be too much space between the last rib and he thigh.
Thick, with its last vertebra at least reaching the tip of its hock, it is very usual for it to reach lower. With a mellow insertion on the hindquarters and never high.
When resting it lowers smoothly in the shape of a sable. When in movement the tail must be lifted like the continuation of the back. If it is raised too much it devaluates its appearance; when excited the tail can be a little higher until an imaginary line perpendicular to its insertion. If it goes over this line or if the tail doesn't move, it is considered a defect. A hooked or carried on the side tail are undesirable; cut or operated tails are disqualified; the ones that are very short or spiraled are considered a defect.
Deep with a good capacity, giving the lungs and heart plenty of space. Well projected towards the front with the tip of the sternum noticeably passing up the shoulders when seen from the side.
They must stick out appropriately in reference to the spine, with a backward inclination of around 45 degrees. Well spaced and developed, joined under the sternum which falls slowly from the tip of the sternum. Its curvature shouldn't in the form of a barrel or flat.
Firm, never flaccid and even less fallen. The lower lines fit smoothly with its sides, being less evident on females than on males.
Extremities: Must be proportionate and angled allowing the thrust legs reach the animal's center of gravity, without altering the upper line, along with stretching the front extremities in the same way.
The foreleg bone must be straight and oval, never round, short, flat or with sponginess. Like two pillars, perfectly vertical to the floor, from all sides they should be harmonious with the animal's corporal mass, and without being bulky, contributing to the general substance. Crooked, badly or rachitic shaped bones are undesirable.
Strong compact and well arched toes; including thick, tight and hard pads. Strong, short and dark nails. Supplementary toes or spurs are found in some cases, which should be cut as soon as they are born. What is referred to as "cat feet" along with fine, open toes and hare like feet are undesired.
It has a double coat: the lower hair or wool and the outer hair. The amount varies depending on the time of year and how much time it spends outdoors, but it must always be present to protect it from water, extreme temperatures and insects. Its absence is considered a defect and penalized as such. There are three types of outer hair: hard normal hair, hard long hair and long hair.
Exempting white; all colors are permitted: black, ferrous-grey, ash grey or a single color with brown, yellow, light brown and light grey parts, but with a black coat in all these variations. In all these types, a small white spot on the chest is not considered a defect. The inner hair or wool, is usually slightly colored, except in black animals.
The height to the cross on males is around 60 to 65 cm and 55 to 60 cm for females.

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