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Possible causes of Dog Soiling. Why does dog urine or poop on floor. Stop it!

Before beginning education or re-education, you must find the root of the problem. Here is a list of typical causes for problems with soiling:

The dog's training is incomplete or inadequate Since the dog has never received a complete education on cleanliness, many previous experiments have shown that the problem manifests itself at various degrees. The puppy that has not understood everything he should know about cleanliness could be clean for awhile, then relapse into soiling, because of a lack of relevant data on his behavior. If there has been no education whatsoever given to the puppy on cleanliness, he will be messy from that moment forward. The problem will manifest itself as urine or stool-related. Because of a badly used technique for correction, the dog could be urinating in a place where he will not be caught, when the master is out of sight. The dog could also eliminate in a place where hardly anyone ever goes. They will wait for cover at night, or shelter in the basement. An irregular daily routine, not enough opportunities to go outside and be rewarded for good behavior can be at the root of the problem. The dog will eliminate either in a few select places, or all over the house. Perhaps an ammonia-based cleansing product was used to mask the odour, thus exacerbating the problem.
Separation anxiety A dog that soils because of separation anxiety displays the same behavior pattern than one suffering only from separation anxiety. Elimination will occur in the thirty-minute period which follows the departure of family members, after he's left alone. The dog can urinate and defecate. If the dog does this as often when the master is present as when he is absent, the problem is most likely not linked to separation anxiety, but rather, to one or more problems. Most of the time, a dog that is left in his cage when the master leaves, and defecates in it soon after, most likely has a problem with separation anxiety. In any case, the problem worsens if the dog remains in a cage. The dog will display one or more behavior patterns related to separation anxiety, such as following the master all over the house, showing excitement when he returns from a period of absence, becoming frantic if he loses sight of his master, switching on the anxiety button if the master doesn't give him all the attention he craves, and being very nervous before each outing the master prepares for. Oftentimes, this problem is triggered by a change in the family schedule, in the number of family members, or other sources. It is important to note that it is not because the dog has soiled something while you were not there that he suffers from separation anxiety. Consult the section dedicated to "Separation Anxiety" and "Demanding Attention". If you are having too much trouble dealing efficiently with this problem, please consult a professional, such as an ethologist or a behaviorist veterinarian.
Fears and phobias Dogs eliminate when they are afraid. The stimuli which create the problem can be either loud noises, certain people or objects, and many others. If the problem hasn't been generalized, there could be a direct link between soiling and the occurrence of these stimuli. It is possible that the dog will not react the same way in the master's presence, because the latter inhibits his fear. You could realize that the dog that usually goes outside will begin eliminating inside the house, because the very cause of his fear lies outside the house. You will notice that the dog will not want to go outside for long periods, which should cue you into what is causing the problem. A dog suffering from fears and phobias will not experience any particular problem to be educated to cleanliness. There will only be a problem when the dog is experiencing fear or generalization (see section on fear). If you happen to have too much trouble dealing with this problem, please consult a professional.
Marking with urine
Marking is usually linked to non-spayed males rather than females, which leads one to believe that the problem is hormonal. Usually, dogs don't begin marking their territory before puberty. However, it is not so rare to see a dog beginning to mark his territory before the age of six months. Most of the time, marking takes very little urine. It is important to observe in which context marking occurs, because it typically happens when the dog feels the need to mark his territorial limits. The following situations depict when a dog marks his territory: the dog sees a person or an animal passing on the perimeter of his territory, or he sees a strange person or object in the house, or again smells an animal or person on his master's clothing Marking can occur before or after a walk, or when there is tension in the air at his master's house. Some dogs do their marking in specific areas, others operate within a wider radius (consult the section on "marking").
Urinating by submission or excitement This situation occurs most often in younger dogs (less than one year old), in a context where the dog is very excited, or feels challenged. More precisely, the problem will surface when family members meet, or when a visitor shows up at the door; it can happen when someone bends down to pet the dog or to greet him, or when the dog is verbally or physically punished. If the dog urinates by submission, you will be able to detect positions of submission such as: the dog rolls over on his back, pulls his ears backward, places his tail between his legs. If the dog urinates because he is excited, the dog is over-agitated, and will behave like a dog that suffers from submissive behavior (consult the section "Urinating by submission or excitement").
The dog develops an inability to eliminate on a particular surface It can happen that this problem stems from an inadequate education on cleanliness. The dog develops preferences as to the place, and the type of surface he will privilege to eliminate. If the dog is deprived from going outside, he will be forced to adopt places situated mostly inside. With time, the dog will consider places outside as places inappropriate for elimination. For example, a dog that has always defecated on the grass, and must now do it on a concrete surface, will find himself unable to execute himself. Possibly, climactic conditions will prevent the dog from eliminating. At that moment, the dog will hesitate to go outside, and will prefer waiting to be back inside to find a favourite spot to do his business. Experience will allow you to tell the difference between a dog that discriminates between surfaces, and the dog that is afraid. After a while, the dog develops his own behavior patterns. Then, if you bring him on the grass, chances are that he will prefer the sidewalk! In another situation, the dog adopts his cage to eliminate (because he learned the behavior while pensioning in a pet shop); he will have to undergo behavior modification, and should not be given access to any of his favourite spots until he has demonstrated that he can eliminate on many different surfaces.
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