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Samoyed Dog Breed Information

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HEIGHT: 60 cm
WEIGHT: 35 kg
LIFE EXPECTANCY: 13 - 15 years
CHARACTERISTICS of the Samoyed Dog Breed
It originates from cold and hostile climates which contrast against its warm and fun character. The Samoyed is also known as the smiling dog.
As opposed to other Nordic dogs, this one likes to call attention, and is devoted to its master, demanding care from its master besides its needs of daily outdoor exercise.
Its animal that is used to being outdoors: y doesn't adapt well to confined places or apartments. To make up for being locked up it several daily walks or energy consuming activities.
It enjoys good health; this breed doesn't have serious genetic health issues.
Its coat requires regular brushing; made up of two layers, a very dense undercoat, and a fine long outer coat.
Intelligent, noble, loyal, adaptable, alert, full of action, anxious to serve and please, isn't possessive or fearful, not too aggressive.
Its expression is very important, which is noted in the vivacity of its eyes, the sparkle and wit it portrays when it is alert or assimilating something.
DESCRIPTION of the Samoyed Dog Breed
The Samoyed is essentially a work dog, but it must also present a beauty factor; with its vigilance and strength; agility, dignity and grace.
Since its job is done in cold climates, its coat must be thick and resistant to the cold, very well dressed and of good quality rather than quantity.
Its make up is well balanced with the skeletal structure. Its bones are heavier than is expected for a dog of its size, but not too bulky to hinder its speed and the distinct agility of a Samoyed. In all its structure the bone must be proportioned with the size of the body. The dog should never be obese to look ordinary or too light to seem restless. The weight must be proportioned to its height.
The skulls morphology in the shape of a wedge, wide, without looking round or shaped like an apple, it must for an equilateral triangle on its lines between the inner ear line and the center point of the cranial-nasal angle.
Of medium length and width; it must thin out towards the nose and be in proportion with the dog's size and skull width. The snout must be deep. The cranial-nasal angle must be too pronounced, however, well defined. Lips: preferably black and somewhat curved upwards in the angles of the mouth, so producing the "Samoyed smile". The lip lines mustn't look thick; nor should they fall excessively in the mouths angles.
Strong and thick, upright, triangular and somewhat round at the tips; they shouldn't be big or pointy, nor small (bear ears). They must be proportioned to the head and dog's size; placed fairly apart, but within the head's outer limit. They must be mobile and well covered with inner abundant hair, separate in the front of the ears. The size of the ears should be same as the distance there is between the inner base of the ear and the eye's outer angle.
Dark, preferably black. They must be placed very apart and deep set; almond shaped with the lower eyelid slanting towards an imaginary point which reaches the ear base. The rims of the eye must be dark, preferably black. Round or protruding ayes are penalized. Blue eyes disqualify.
Preferably black, but a brown or meaty color isn't penalized. Sometimes the color of the truffle changes with age and the weather.
Strong well placed teeth, overset, with a scissor like bite. When the lower incisors are overset leaving a space it should be penalized or vise versa with the upper ones.
The texture of the Samoyed is of a dog with a double layer. The body must be well covered with an undercoat of soft wool, short, thick and tight, with longer and rougher hair that grows through it forming the outer layer. Which is kept straight from the root without having any curls. The hair must form a sort of collar around the neck and shoulders, framing the head (more on males than on females). The quality of the hair must be resistant to rough outdoor weather; this is valued more than the quantity. Fallen hair is undesirable. It must have with a silvery shine to it. Normally the females doesn't have the same length as the male as is of a softer texture.
The Samoyed must be pure white, white and cream or totally cream. Any other color can disqualify it.
The Samoyed must trot, not walk. It must move with a quick pace, agile and well synchronized. The pace must be free, balanced and vigorous, with a good reach in the front quarters and good propelling force in the back ones. When moving at a slow pace or trotting it won't follow a single line, but as it gains speed, the feet gradually form an inner angle until the pad, ultimately, land directly on a line under the body's longitudinal center. When the frames of the pads converge, the front and back legs should move straight without the knee articulations turning inward or outward. The spine must remain strong, firm and horizontal. A violent or affected movement should be penalized.
The legs must be parallel and straight reaching the feet. They must be strong, robust, but flexible for the proper setting of the feet. Due to the chest's depth, the legs must be of medium length. The length of the leg from the floor to the elbow must be approximately 55 % of the total cross height; a dog with legs that are too short must be rejected. The shoulders must be long and inclined, with a 45 degree angle and planted firmly. The jutting out of shoulders or elbows must be penalized. The cross separation must be 2 - 3 cm approximately.
Large, long and flat: hare like feet. Somewhat open, but not spread out; arched toes, thick and hard pads, with protective hair between the toes. In a natural position, the feet shouldn't bend inward or outward, but can turn slightly inward when pulling. Turned outward, pinched toes, round or cat like feet, or extended, are defects that must be penalized. The dusters on the feet are essential; at any rate they are more common on females than males.
The upper thighs must be well formed. The knee articulations well bent, around a 45 degree angle. The hocks must be well proportioned, defined and placed approximately 30 % to the height of the hip.
They must be parallel when seen from behind in a natural posture; strong well formed, without turning inward or outward. Knees with straight articulations are unwanted. Double articulation or cow hocks are also considered a defect. Cow like hocks can only be noticed when the dog has the opportunity of moving in a natural way.
Strong and muscular neck; carried upright with haughtiness, placed over the shoulders to carry the head with dignity when alert. The neck must blend with the shoulders to form a gracious arch.
Deep, with well curved outward ribs from the spine and flat on the side allowing the correct movement of the shoulders and making space for the front legs.
The chest mustn't be barrel-shaped. The perfect depth is reached around the elbows and the deepest part should be around the front feet close to the ninth rib. The space for the heart and lung is more secure by the depth of the body than by its width.
The cross is the highest part of the spine. Strong arched back. The spine must be straight until the back, of medium length, very muscular and without a long or short attachment. The dog must be almost square, the length being 5 % more than the height. Females can be a little longer than males. The belly must be well formed and with tight muscles. On the back part of the thorax it must go up in a nice curb small waist). The haunch must be broad, with a moderate decline, and it must continue in an imperceptible form until the tail's root.
Moderately long. The extreme of the bone, when at rest and down, should more or less rest on the hock. It must be completely covered with long hair and carried forward; it can be down when at rest.
Males 57 cm and females 53 cm to the cross (a 3 cm margin is admitted). A Samoyed with lacking size or in excess should be penalized depending on the degree of deviation.

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